Last June 15, 2012, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) process came into effect. It is under the oversight of U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The OBAMA administration made this for the main purpose of DACA to answer the growing issue which is the undocumented immigrants who entered the U.S.A as children.
These children were innocent and not a part of the decision to enter the country illegally. They came in with their parents, attending schools in the country and have been shaped by the nation’s culture. They grew up as Americans but they have no legal standing in the country. They are known as the “DREAMers” which is after the proposed Development, Relief, and Education for Minors Act.
There are certain DACA requirements for the applicants to comply. The applicant must have arrived in the United States prior to age of sixteen and then continuously resides in the United States without the legal status since June 15, 2007. As of June 15, 2012 the applicants must be younger than 31 years old and at least 15 years old before they apply. But those applicants who faced deportation proceedings are exempted to this requirement. The applicants must be enrolled in or a graduate in any United States high school or possessed a GED. Those who are discharged honorably by military veterans are also qualified for DACA.
Those who are convicted of crimes and serious misbehaviors do not qualify for DACA. Likewise, applicants who are deemed to pose a risk to national security or public safety do not qualify too.
Once approved, DACA does not provide a permanent immigration status to applicants. What they offer is renewable deferred actions, which means an administrative relief from deportation is granted every two years. The applicant can legally work in the United States without fear or removal proceedings too.
Each of the applicants was born in 192 nations and a great percent of these applicants are accounted in only 25 nations. A huge number of applicants were born in Mexico. Most of the applicants were older adolescents and young adults who are in college, high school or learning online. The motivation of these applicants in applying DACA is to consider their future and see DACA as the only means for them to remain in the country while they are complying with the national law.
Even though this act has been declared effective by the OBAMA administration, immigration still remains a hot topic. Many DACA opponents question the program’s legitimacy. Despite the negativity, advocates of DACA believe that these DREAMers don’t take responsibility of their families’ decision in entering the country illegally.
With or without DACA approval, until a decision is made one way or the other on the DREAM act, the position of the DREAMers in the United States will remain no doubt